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Paris Agreement inches closer to entry

September 22, 2016
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paris-agreement-ratification-status-22-sept-2016

Yesterday at a special “High-Level Event on Entry into Force of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change” convened by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon, 31 countries including Singapore formally joined the Paris Agreement, moving the landmark deal closer to entry into force.

entry-into-force

The Agreement is inching towards entry into force as 60 countries accounting for 47.5% of the world’s emissions have deposited instruments of ratification to the United Nations.

31 countries deposited instruments of ratification of the Paris Agreement yesterday:

  1. Albania (0.01%)
  2. Antigua and Barbuda (0.002%)
  3. Argentina (0.8%)
  4. Bangladesh (0.4%)
  5. Belarus (0.16%)
  6. Brazil (2.5%)
  7. Brunei Darussalam (0.04%)
  8. Chile (0.2%)
  9. Dominica (0.0006%)
  10. Guinea (0.062%)
  11. Honduras (0.1%)
  12. Iceland (0.005%)
  13. Kiribati (0.0001%)
  14. Madagascar (0.125%)
  15. Mexico (1.6%)
  16. Mongolia (0.128%)
  17. Niger (0.056%)
  18. Panama (0.047%)
  19. Papua New Guinea (0.21%)
  20. Senegal (0.061%)
  21. Singapore (0.1%)
  22. Sri Lanka (0.098%)
  23. Swaziland (0.006%)
  24. Thailand (0.8%)
  25. Uganda (0.1%)
  26. UAE (0.46%)
  27. Vanuatu (0.001%)

These countries bring the total emissions coverage to 47.7%, just a few points shy of entry.

The remaining percentage of emissions coverage needed to take the Paris Agreement over the threshold to entry could come from the European Union which accounts for 12% of global emissions. Alternatively, major emitters such as the Russian Federation which accounts for 5% of global emissions, Indonesia (4.3%), India (4.1%), Japan (3.6%), Canada (1.6%), Australia (1.48%) or South Korea (1.4%) could also contribute to meeting the last few percentage points.

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