Day 10: Climate Action Network: Latest Developments at COP21
A new text will be made available by 3pm today, with another review of it hopefully by tomorrow. Watch the webcast here to find out more.
Facilitator: Ria Voorhaar (CAN International)
Speakers: Samantha Smith (WWF), Raman Mehta (Vasudha Foundation), Julie-Anne Richards (Climate Justice Programme)
Samantha hoped for a fair outcome with focus on ambition and equal priority to adaptation and finance. She mentioned that developed nations need to recognize their historical responsibility, their capacity to address climate change, and the leadership role that they should play during the negotiations. She also urged for the text to include a provision to review the INDCs before 2020. She states that developed countries need to build trust in developing countries, while developing countries need to set realistic conditional targets.
Raman pushed for a new paradigm of differentiation. He noted that two-thirds of the world’s poor live in large prospering developing countries. Hence, it would be unfair to these nations if they are required to do more than what they conceivably can.
Julie-Anne stated that loss and damage would be one of the last issues to be decided. She highlighted that the US, Canada and the EU are fighting against compensation and liability text, which had already been taken out by developing countries in recognition. Thus, she called for the need of an honest discussion of what to do with loss and damage, which should consider four elements: (1) whether loss and damage is a standalone text; (2) whether the text will enshrine the Warsaw mechanism; (3) whether there will be a climate change displacement facility; (4) whether irreversible and permanent damage will be addressed.
Where do you think signals are the strongest?
Samantha: The coal industry has seen permanent structural decline. The conference itself has already created many movements. One of the world’s largest insurance companies Allianz are divesting from carbon-intensive industries and investing in renewables. The question is how to make the transition smooth so that people who were in carbon-intensive industries still have a livelihood.
With regard to loss and damage, what is left on the table?
Julie-Anne: The process for having a climate change displacement facility and that of the irreversible and permanent damage.