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Day 3: Negotiators working hard on the ADP

December 2, 2015

It’s a chilly Day 3 in Paris negotiators are hard at work. The focus of this COP is on the ADP (the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action) which was established back in 2011. It’s role is critical as it was charged with developing “a protocol, another legal instrument or an agreed outcome with legal force under the Convention applicable to all Parties, which is to be completed no later than 2015 in order for it to be adopted at the twenty-first session of the Conference of the Parties (COP) and for it to come into effect and be implemented from 2020“.  Basically, the Paris Agreement.

There are a range of core issues countries will have to address to get an agreement through, not least of which is the actual level of temperature rises they are willing to accept. While an average increase of 2°C has previously been considered safe, small island states in particular are campaigning hard for a global agreement to limit temperature rises to no more than 1.5°. Also under discussion are significant distributional issues that touch on how “fair and ambitious” each countries INDC’s actually are, like who will bear the burden of mitigation, whether it’s reasonable that some countries focus on adaptation and how climate impacted nations will be compensated. Trade-offs like these will determine how ambitious and achievable the final Paris Agreement will be.

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