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S’pore measuring its carbon footprint ahead of Paris deal in 2015

July 17, 2014
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Singapore has started an ambitious five-year project to measure its own carbon footprint, as well as the mitigating effect of the island’s greenery. 

This exercise will involve the development of a monitoring system that tracks how much trees, soil and possibly even the grass help to reduce greenhouse gases. The Straits Times reported that an accurate inventory is needed since international groups, using different calculating techniques, have come up with widely fluctuating emissions figures. 

The tender, administered by the National Parks Board, was awarded to the National Institute of Education (NIE) and the Austrian Natural Resources Management and International Cooperation Agency (Anrica)

ANRICA was founded back in 2009 by governmental and semi-governmental agencies and by private enterprises to join forces in international cooperation on climate change and rural development and is supported by the Austrian Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water Management.

ANRICA is a joint venture of considerable Austrian Governmental institutions and privately held companies working in the fields of forests, rural development, renewable energy and sanitation. Founding partners of ANRICA are internationally recognized organizations like Joanneum Research, the Austrian Federal Forest Office and Raiffeisen Banking, to name but a few.

The findings will be submitted regularly to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, as part of Singapore’s obligations as a party to the Convention. 

The project started last November and will be completed in 2018. It will span five phases, each lasting about one year. The exercise will include:

  • Satellite images to classify Singapore’s vegetation into different categories
  • Sample land plots to be chosen, and researchers will by end of this year begin collecting data, such as trunk diameters, from vegetation.
  • Collection of soil samples will also be taken as the earth also absorbs greenhouse gases
  • Ground and satellite data will be plugged into established equations to calculate how much of the gases are absorbed by the various plant species here

More details of the study here.

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