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Bonn Climate Conference Workshops

April 13, 2012
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Equitable Access to Sustainable Development

The notion of equitable access to sustainable development (EASD) was introduced in the Cancun agreements, in the context of a time-frame for global peaking of greenhouse gas emissionswhere the COP recognized that the time frame for peaking will be longer in developing countries, and that social and economic development and poverty eradication are the first and overriding priorities of developing countries.

The objective of this workshop is to facilitate a rich interactive exchange on the issue EASD, explore links to different activities under the Convention, with a view to increase understanding of EASD, which could facilitate negotiations related to a shared vision for longterm cooperative action. The workshop will primarily consist of presentations by Parties, and a moderated exchange of views on the notion of EASD and what it could mean in practical terms.

Following an introductory presentation, Parties will be invited to make either brief presentations or short interventions. Similar presentations will be grouped and will be followed by a questions and answers session. Expert and other stakeholder organizations will be invited to make presentations subject to time availability.

Clarification of the developed country Parties’ quantified economywide emission reduction targets and related assumptions and conditions

The Conference of the Parties (COP) at its seventeenth session decided to continue in 2012 the process of clarifying the developed country Partiesí quantified economy-wide emission reduction targets contained in document FCCC/SB/2011/INF.1/Rev.1, with the objective of understanding assumptions and conditions related to individual targets, in particular in relation to the base year, global warming potential values, coverage of gases, coverage of sectors, expected emission reductions, and the role of land use, land-use change and forestry, and carbon credits from market-based mechanisms, and associated assumptions and conditions related to the ambition of the pledges.

Another objective of the workshop is for developed country Parties to share experiences with the development of low-emission development strategies.  All Parties are invited to engage in, and contribute to, the interactive exchange of information at the workshop. Developed country Parties are encouraged to make presentations to clarify their quantified economy-wide emission reduction targets contained in document FCCC/SB/2011/INF.1/Rev.1, and share experiences with the development of low-emission  development strategies. International organisations may be invited, if time allows, to contribute to the discussions.

Further the understanding of the diversity of nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs) by developing country Parties, underlying assumptions, and any support needed for implementation of these actions

The objective of the workshop is to continue, in a structured manner, to further the understanding of the diversity of mitigation actions as communicated and contained in FCCC/AWGLCA/2011/INF.1, underlying assumptions and any support needed for the  implementation of these actions, noting different national circumstances and the respective capabilities of developing country Parties as outlined in paragraph 1 above.

The workshop will be organized in a structured manner, built primarily around the presentations by Parties, as outlined above. A series of presentations will be followed by questions and answers. An agenda will be made available on the UNFCCC web site in time before the workshop taking into account the requests for presentations received from Parties.

Framework for various approaches  

The Conference of Parties (COP) at its seventeenth session in Durban, South Africa, emphasized that various approaches, including opportunities for using markets, to enhance the cost-effectiveness of, and to promote, mitigation actions, bearing in mind different
circumstances of developed and developing countries, must meet standards that deliver real, permanent, additional and verified mitigation outcomes, avoid double counting of effort, and achieve a net decrease and/or avoidance of greenhouse gas emissions.

The COP requested the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention (AWG-LCA) to conduct a work programme to consider a framework for such approaches, with a view to recommending a decision to COP18. Parties and admitted
observer organizations were invited to submit their views on these matters, including their experiences, positive and negative, with existing approaches and mechanisms as well as lessons learned, by 5 March 2012.

The objectives of the workshop are to consider the submissions made and to discuss a framework for the approaches referred to in paragraph 1 above. The output from the workshop should facilitate continued deliberations about a framework for such approaches under the AWG-LCA, by providing better understanding of the views submitted by Parties and observer organizations.

The workshop on a framework for various approaches will be coordinated with the workshop on the new market-based mechanism insofar as topics and issues raised in the submissions are closely related or overlapping. The workshops will therefore be organized sequentially, and if possible, back-to-back, with each other.

New market-based mechanism

The Conference of Parties (COP) at its seventeenth session in Durban, South Africa, defined a new market-based mechanism, operating under the guidance and authority of the COP, to enhance the cost-effectiveness of, and to promote, mitigation actions, bearing in
mind different circumstances of developed and developing countries, which is guided by decision 1/CP.16, paragraph 80, and which, subject to conditions to be elaborated, may assist developed countries to meet part of their mitigation targets under the Convention.

The objective is to elaborate modalities and procedures for the mechanism, with a view to recommending a decision to COP18. Parties and admitted observer organizations were invited to submit their views on these matters, including their experiences, positive and negative, with existing approaches and mechanisms as well as lessons learned.

The workshop will be a platform to consider the submissions made and to discuss, thereby providing better understanding of the views submitted by Parties and observer organizations.

Enhancing Mitigation Ambition

By its decision 1/CP.17, the COP decided to launch a work plan on enhancing mitigation ambition to identify and to explore options for a range of actions that can close the ambition gap with a view to ensuring the highest possible mitigation efforts by all Parties.

The objective of the workshop, as identified in decision 1/CP.17, is to consider options and ways for increasing ambition and possible further actions. The workshop will be the first activity in the workplan on enhancing mitigation ambition and will set the stage for further activities. It is therefore envisaged that the workshop will:

(a) discuss the ways and means to enhance mitigation ambition;
(b) explore what action can be taken, including by the Conference of the Parties, to realize the mitigation potential of the options proposed during the workshop;
(c) identify what further activities can be undertaken under the workplan on enhancing mitigation ambition.

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