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Youth Debate | Climate Diplomacy Day 2015

May 12, 2015

A visit to Tetra Pak’s recycling partners

April 6, 2015

Earlier last month on 18 March, Tetra Pak invited ECO Singapore to visit paper mills in Malaysia to view and understand the recycling process of their beverage cartons. Siang Yu and Zen were also joined by representatives from several schools, non-government organisations and waste collectors.

We visited one of Tetra Pak’s recycling partners, KPT Recycle SDN BHD, in Selangor, Malaysia. Did you know? Tetra Pak’s environmental ambitions are based on the principle of saving more than it costs. That is to say, they aim to minimise the impacts which their products have on the environment. 75 percent of the beverage carton is made of paper – a renewable source – and the remaining 25 percent is made of plastic and aluminium foil. As such, the beverage carton is 100% recyclable and not gone to waste as they are used as raw material for new products.

Tetra Pak beverage cartons (Source:

At the recycling plant, the head of operations explained the recycling process to us. The process begins with the beverage cartons being soaked in water in a large tank where they are spun and cut to separate the paper and the aluminium inner lining. After which, the recyclable paper goes into a heating chamber where it is pressed to produce rolls of new, multi-purpose paper. Here you can see a picture of Siang Yu and Zen standing in front of the final paper product:

As the aluminium is filtered out, it is crushed and dried before being packed and sent to a second recycling plant as it undergoes heat treatment to make aluminium foils for roofs. According to KPT, this aluminium foil is a superior alternative to zinc roof as it does not rust and is stronger than zinc roof, giving it a lifespan of 8 to 10 years.

A small piece of aluminium foil which can be used as roofing

15 to 18kg of aluminium is required to make a 3m x 1m sheet of aluminium foil. That’s approximately 5000 beverage cartons!

Tetra Pak have set up beverage carton collection locations all over Malaysia, Singapore and New Zealand. Next year, collection sites will also be set up in Australia. The recycling plant receives 40 tonnes of beverage carton boxes per day.

Besides recycling beverage cartons, Tetra Pak also recycle carton boxes for packaging large appliances such as refrigerators (they are cut into sizes that customers want and reused), collect soy fibre and chrysanthemum fibre to make organic fertiliser, and they even have a charity shop where consumers can buy pre-loved clothing and other household items.


It was interesting to see how the beverage cartons are taken apart and how the different materials are reused in the making of new products such as roofing and paper. It’s also commendable that Tetra Pak are constantly innovating and searching for new ways to reduce their environmental impact. Our guide told us that currently, they are looking into converting aluminium foil into pallets.

In Singapore, we are very familiar with the 3 Rs – Reduce, Reuse, Recycle. Of the 3Rs, Reduce comes first, and that should be our first consideration as consumers. But when we are unable to reduce our consumption, we should strive to work on the other 2 Rs: Reuse and Recycle. And we are happy to see that Tetra Pak have made it easier for us to do just that!

A slightly blur group photo!

Besides, visiting Tetra Pak’s recycling partners, our visit was further enriched with visits to a mushroom farm, a brown rice factory and an organic farm. Stay tuned for our next post to find out about what we learned there!

Call for application: ASEAN Power Shift 2015 Youth Organising Committee

March 24, 2015

Be part of the ASEAN Power Shift 2015 Youth Organising Committee!

The ASEAN Power Shift 2015 (APS15) is a three-day conference that will be held in Singapore in July 2015.

The event aims to bring together youths from the 10 ‪#‎ASEAN‬ countries to a common platform where they will form an aligned position towards the ‪#‎climate‬ negotiations later this year in Paris (also known as ‪#‎COP21‬), learn about each other’s environmental initiatives and experiences, and provide networking opportunities to catalyse more ground up climate initiatives.

 Find out more and apply via this link.
(The closing date of the application is 30th March 2015, 23:59H)

The Singapore Youth Delegation @ COP20 and their findings

March 16, 2015


It’s been almost three months since the team came back. It’s been exciting and there were few things the team have done since. They successfully conducted couple of sharing session (privately and publicly) and also produced a report of their learnings from #COP20.

Here’s the link to the slides from their sharing session.

Here’s the link to the post trip report.

Stay tuned to us as we will be sharing more of what we will be doing, and also prepping ourselves towards COP21 later this year in Paris.

Save the rainforests with your old cellphone

March 5, 2015

How many old cellphones do you have lying around at home? Your cellphone could actually be used by a tree, to save another tree! Find out how these devices can actually be a step towards stopping deforestation, and ultimately work towards a healthier environment!

Observer status for NUS at UN climate talks

February 26, 2015

The Straits Times (Home, B8) ran an article today about the National University of Singapore (NUS) becoming an observer organization with the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change.

Here are some facts:

1) When did NUS apply to become an observer?

NUS applied for observer status in November 2013 following the 18th session of the Conference of Parties (COP 18) in Doha in 2012, when the climate change negotiators agreed to negotiate a new agreement by 2015. The University submitted its application early in order to be accredited by 2015. Formal accreditation was on 10 December 2014.

2) Why did it do so?

The nature of the research undertaken at the Energy Studies Institute at NUS is in line with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) negotiations. Moreover, many NUS research staff within faculties and specialist think tanks, such as the Tropical Marine Science Institute (TMSI) and the Solar Energy Research Institute of Singapore (SERIS) continues to work closely with national agencies on matters relating to Singapore’s carbon emissions. NUS thus saw the application for observer status as a great opportunity for learning and to be ‘plugged in’ to the international network of like-minded researchers involved in the climate change negotiations process. It would provide impetus for collective effort and enhance research collaboration around technological, legal and policy solutions to address climate change.

As an observer, NUS will be invited to attend all future international climate change negotiation sessions. This observer status also means that NUS’ faculty members and research staff have an official channel to provide input to the UNFCCC process, not only to the Secretariat but also to the Singapore government in its efforts to address climate change and environmental sustainability more generally.

3) Now that it has received that status, what does it intend to do?

NUS intends to raise awareness and disseminate information on the UNFCCC negotiations to the rest of the University by holding a series of workshops within NUS, that will focus on mitigation and adaptation technologies, international and comparative law, as well as policies needed to address climate change. NUS will also be sending research staff to climate meetings this year, including to Paris in December 2015 for COP21, where a new agreement is expected to be negotiated.

4) Has it provided any input to UNFCCC so far, if so, what is the input?

No, not yet.

5) If not, on what sort of topics does it intend to provide input? In which fields / what ways does NUS think it can contribute, specifically?

Based on the major groups identified as stakeholders in Agenda 21 (a non-binding, voluntarily implemented action plan formed at the UN Conference of Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in 1992, with regard to sustainable development), there are 9 acknowledged constituencies in the climate change process:  Business and industry NGOs (BINGO), Environmental NGOs (ENGO), Indigenous peoples organizations (IPO), Local government and municipal authorities (LGMA), Research and independent NGOs (RINGO), Trade union NGOs (TUNGO), Farmers NGOs (Farmers), Women and gender NGOs (Women and Gender), and Youth NGOs (YOUNGO).

The Research and Independent Non-Governmental Organization (RINGO) constituency that NUS now belongs to as an observer has a special role in the UNFCCC process. Members of the RINGO constituency produce peer-reviewed journals and other publications such as policy briefs and working papers that draw on insights from economics, international relations, public policy, the physical sciences and engineering that will help inform the international community.  Over the course of this year and in the mid-term, NUS plans to hold regular meetings to decide collectively the types of input to provide to the UNFCCC process. However, this will depend on the need for certain types of research based on the issues raised at UNFCCC negotiations and the resources available.

6) What is the commitment that comes with being an observer, i.e. attending meetings, or?

The Research and Independent Non-Governmental Organization (RINGO) status comes with no formal commitments. RINGOs like NUS can participate when and how they like. The Energy Studies Institute (ESI) is the designated contact point (DCP) for NUS and is the official channel for the exchange of information with the UNFCCC Secretariat, including receiving official notifications, nominating representatives for sessions, handling matters related to side events and exhibits or other session-related activities.

7) Does it intend to work with the other Singapore UNFCCC organisations, and if so in what way?

The other Singapore UNFCCC organisations are the Singapore Environment Council, the National Youth Achievement Award Association, Avelife (Ltd.), Asia-Europe Foundation (ASEF) and Nexus Carbon for Development Limited (Nexus-C4D). Of these, the Asia-Europe Foundation is also a RINGO. NUS is thus looking to work most closely with them. NUS will also explore the possibility of working with the other Singapore UNFCCC organisations in the youth and environment constituencies – particularly with the youth given the relevance of such collaboration to education.

8) What sets NUS apart from the other Singapore organisations in terms of what it can contribute?

As a University, NUS is already engaged in independent research and analysis aimed at developing sound strategies to address both the causes and consequences of global climate change. Research staff, faculty members and students are addressing climate change in a committed manner by contributing in a way that provides a range of views. With its diverse interests and competencies, NUS is in the best position to play a bridging role between science and policy, and between youth, businesses and environmental organisations.

Singapore Youth Delegation Post COP20 Sharing, 27 February 2015, 7-9pm

February 17, 2015
Earlier in December last year, 350 Singapore and ECO Singapore put together a youth delegation, SG Youth @ COP20, powered by Young NTUC. The team of youth activists attended the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change’s (UNFCCC) twentieth session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 20) in Lima, Peru. On 27 February, the youth delegation will be sharing their experiences, as well as their key takeaways from the negotiations. The interactive session also aims to provide some preliminary insights to the global climate deal to be made later this year in Paris.

Date: Friday, 27 February 2015
Time: 7-9pm
Venue: NTUC Centre, One Marina Boulevard, Level 9, Room 901

Register at 

If you are on social media, the event can also be found on Facebook at this link. Grateful if you can RSVP ahead of time and share it with your friends and networks!
We look forward to seeing you there!

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